Malaysia's Cryptocurrency Mining Tax Regulations: An Analysis


The cryptocurrency mining industry in Malaysia is the sixth-biggest globally, contributing around 1.2 billion Malaysian ringgit (US$280 million) to the Malaysian economy in 2021. This is possible thanks to favorable government policies and the environment. Over the years, the industry has been scrutinized for crypto tax Malaysia regulations that favor miners.

Current projections have Malaysia becoming the third-biggest crypto-mining country by 2025. The potentials for taxation mean that miners, traders, and crypto investors in Malaysia need to understand the regulations, such as capital gain tax in Malaysia, and how they impact the crypto industry.

crypto tax malaysia

This article covers the basics of the tax system, the crypto mining tax regulations, compliance, and implications for cryptocurrency miners in Malaysia.

Overview of Malaysia's tax system

Malaysia operates a territorial tax system -taxes only apply to income earned within the country. As such, only cryptocurrency miners working within Malaysia (not necessarily registered in Malaysia but operating outside it) are liable for taxes. All crypto taxes in Malaysia are further subject to categories based on the type of activity and whether or not they are considered commercial.

Three types of taxes may apply to crypto miners in Malaysia; gains tax, GST, and stamp duty.

In Malaysia, crypto mining is either on a commercial scale or on a small scale level which is considered non-commercial. Commercial mining is considered a business and is taxed accordingly. The commercial crypto mining tax is calculated on the profit from mining revenue (i.e., total revenue - total mining costs). This tax applies to all crypto mining businesses registered and operating in Malaysia, regardless of staff size.

Private non-commercial miners are also liable for capital gains tax Malaysia. Non-commercial mining taxes are calculated based on the profits from selling the cryptocurrency (i.e., the selling price - the purchasing price or the price when the crypto was mined. Private miners may also pay stamp duty and GST (Goods and Services Tax) if they sell cryptocurrencies to companies.

Understanding Malaysia's cryptocurrency mining tax regulations

The Malaysia crypto tax regulations were enacted in 2022, following a guideline issued by the Inland Revenue Board of Malaysia (IRBM). The IRBM classified cryptocurrencies as virtual assets and therefore applied GST, stamp duty, and gains taxation on them.

  • Goods and Services Tax: This applies to miners who sell cryptocurrencies to companies and is set at 6% of the cost price. Exceptions are made for buyers who buy for personal use.
  • Capital gains tax: This applies to private and commercial crypto miners and ranges from 0% to 28%, depending on certain factors. The IRBM looks at the extent of the cryptocurrency miner's involvement in the mining activity, the level of organization and sophistication of the mining activity, the frequency and regularity of the mining activity, and the intention of the cryptocurrency miner when levying taxes.
  • Stamp duty may apply to crypto and forex income tax Malaysia contracts for buying equipment.

Exemptions and Deductions

These include the following:

  • The cost of electricity used for cryptocurrency mining may be exempt from income tax if the electricity is used for business purposes.
  • The cost of hardware used for cryptocurrency mining may be depreciated over some time for income tax purposes.
  • The cost of any other expenses incurred in connection with cryptocurrency mining may be deducted from income tax profits.

Compliance with Malaysia's tax regulations

crypto taxes

Crypto and forex traders or companies may ask is profit from share trading taxable in Malaysia. The IRBM stipulates taxation for both industries. These are the requirements to comply with the IRBM tax regulations:

  1. Registration with the IRBM. This is the first step for crypto miners operating in Malaysia. The IRBM registration is simple and done online.
  2. Accurate records of cryptocurrency transactions, showing the date, time, amount, and type of transaction.
  3. Completing the income tax return. This should include all cryptocurrency income and expenses and should be up-to-date.
  4. Payment of income tax on capital gains, stamp duty, and GST where applicable

Non-compliance with cryptocurrency tax Malaysia regulations may result in fines, prosecution, and jail terms, depending on the case. Ignorance is no excuse, so miners are encouraged to understand how crypto taxes affect them.

Implications of tax regulations on Malaysia's cryptocurrency mining industry

The Malaysia capital gains tax regulations cut across all sectors and have far-reaching economic impacts. The cryptocurrency mining industry is sensitive to regulations, and tax regulations are no different. Crypto tax implications include:

  • Profitability: the high cost of electricity in Malaysia means that crypto miners may find it difficult to become profitable after tax. This is especially true for private miners that rely on the grid.
  • Lack of taxing clarity: Although the IRBM regulates taxes, it has not clearly stipulated how cryptocurrency mining should be taxed. This lack of clarity may impact miners' business, especially in gray areas.
  • Reduced adoption of cryptocurrencies: crypto taxation may impact the country's adoption rate as more miners find it difficult to stay afloat. Crypto mining is crucial to the stability and growth of the industry and could be threatened by high taxes.

Crypto miners paying Malaysia capital gains tax also have to cope with challenges such as

  • High cost of electricity
  • Lack of clarity on tax regulations
  • Regulatory uncertainty,
  • Environmental concerns.

Although these exist, there are emerging opportunities for growth of the crypto market, low cost of labor, skilled workforce, and favorable regulatory environment to develop the crypto industry in Malaysia. For example, web hosting bitcoin firms now offer a better way to mine crypto.

Comparison with other countries' tax regulations

There are considerable differences in the income tax for share trading Malaysia and other countries.


Crypto Mining Tax Regulation

Notable Differences and Implications for Miners


Cryptocurrency is considered to be a "virtual asset" and is subject to income tax (0% -28%), goods and services tax (GST) (flat 6%), and stamp duty.

The high cost of electricity in Malaysia cou.d make it difficult for cryptocurrency miners to be profitable


Crypto is considered to be a "virtual asset" in Thailand, and gains are subject to a 15% capital gains tax, while transactions are subject to a 7% value-added tax (VAT)

Thailand has a relatively high crypto gains tax rate, making it difficult for crypto miners to be profitable.


Crypto is considered a "commodity," and gains are subject to a 0.1% transaction tax. Crypto transactions are also subject to a 10% value-added tax (VAT).

The crypto capital gains tax is relatively low, but the VAT is high.


Crypto is not considered an asset or commodity, so capital gains taxes that don’t apply. GST may apply at a flat rate of 7%.

Indonesia has a relatively low tax rate on cryptocurrency Gains, but has high VAT on crypto transactions.

Crypto taxation in Malaysia and surrounding countries differ, so crypto miners may operate in any country that suits them.

capital gains tax malaysia


Taxation is an essential factor when mining cryptocurrencies in Malaysia. Both private and commercial miners are liable to some form of taxes, ranging from capital gains and income taxes to Goods and Services Tax (GST) and stamp duties.

Miners and traders sometimes ask questions like, ‘is stock trading taxable in Malaysia? Or do taxes apply to crypto mining?’ So, an understanding of the way Malaysian tax regulations work helps crypto miners to comply with the law.

The future of crypto mining in Malaysia heavily depends on regulations, favorable policies, and the cost-effectiveness of the process. Crypto miners have a better chance of making profits when the tax rates are low or adjusted to meet market conditions. Government agencies such as the IRBM may put out various tax regulatory adjustments in the future to guide crypto miners.


The Malaysian government neither bans nor promotes cryptocurrency mining. The industry is largely unregulated, but crypto mining taxes may apply depending on a miner's category and income.
Yes, all income from crypto trading or mining activities is taxed under the income and capital gains taxes. The rate ranges between 0% to 28% for income tax, a flat 6% for GST, and stamp duty where applicable.
Private miners are liable to pax on the crypto they mined only after selling the cryptocurrency. The tax is calculated on the profit from selling the cryptocurrency, but certain exceptions may apply.
Bitcoin mining is taxed in Malaysia like other cryptocurrencies. There are no special taxes or exemptions on Bitcoin mining, but exemptions may apply as the IRBM deems fit.
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