A distributed network is a computer network that connects different locations (nodes). A distributed network's nodes are not all directly connected to each other, but they can communicate with one another via a network of interconnected nodes. This network type is frequently utilized for more reliability and performance than a centralized network.
What is a distributed network? There are three common types of dispersed networks:
- Peer-to-peer networks: Each node in a peer-to-peer network is equal to the others. There is no central server, and all nodes can connect with one another directly.
- Client-server networks: A central server offers resources to client nodes in a client-server network. Client nodes can only communicate with the server; they cannot communicate with one another.
- Hybrid networks combine aspects of both peer-to-peer and client-server networks. A hybrid network, for example, may include a central server that delivers resources to client nodes, but the client nodes may also be able to connect directly with one another.
Distributed networks are widely used for:
- File sharing: Distributed networks can be used to distribute huge files like movies and music among users where files are sent over a network and nodes can download them.
- Cloud computing: is a type of computing in which resources are made available to consumers on demand via the internet. Cloud computing services are frequently provided via a distributed network.
- Social networking websites employ distributed networks to allow users to communicate with one another.
Some benefits of distributed neworks are:
- Stability: If one node in a distributed network fails, the remaining nodes can still function.
- Performance: Distributed network divide workload across numerous nodes, so they can often outperform centralized networks.
- Scalability: To accommodate changing needs, distributed networks may be readily scaled up or down. This is especially true in blockchain technology, which allows for decentralized autonomous organizations, smart contracts and other valuable features.
Blockhains are excellent distributed network examples. Blockchains store all records and data on the network nodes for secure data storage, transparency, and the other perks of decetralized storage systems. Distributed networks are considered the future of the internet as it enters the web3 phase where information are distributed via decentralized platforms.
But for now, distributed networks are popular with private companies that retain absolute control over their cloud networks.